Plants are amazing and excellent living creatures that solve most if not all our daily recommended food allowances. They provide us with shelter, medicines, and food.
One of these amazing living organisms that are parked with many essential phytochemical compounds is guava.
This analysis showed that guava is high in many vitamins, essential amino acids, soluble fibers, minerals, and other important organic compounds like carotene and lycopene.
All the parts of guava including leaves, bark, fruits, and root are shown to be beneficial to animals’ health.
The leaves, bark, and unripe fruits contain tannin. The tannin that is present in leaves is about 10% as measured in dry weight while that of bark is about 11 to 30%.
in addition to the tannin content of guava leaves, the leaves also have abundant essential oil that is also rich in sesquiterpene hydrocarbons caryophyllene, b-bisabolene, aromadendrene, b-selinene, nerolidol, caryophyllene oxide, and sel-11-en-4x -ol, also some triterpenoids and b-sitosterol (source).
On the other hand, the bark contains ellagic acid, crystals of calcium oxalate, and starch.
The nutrients in guava cover carbohydrate, fat, protein, carotene, lycopene, essential amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, and water as analyzed by the U.S Department
The tables below contain the general nutritional values of guava alongside their units and values.
|Class of food and Energy Value||Unit||Value|
|Carbohydrate by difference||g||14.32|
|total dietary fiber||g||5.4|
According to the analysis, it was shown that guava can produce up to 68kcal of energy.
- carbohydrate provides immediate energy to the body
- carbohydrate, fat, and protein are important macro-molecules for the synthesis of glucose, fatty acids, and amino acids
- water is a nutrient in the body required for digestion
- water helps keep the body hydrated
- water is also required in the body for temperature regulation
- fibers are also important nutrients required for proper bowel movement and control of gut bacteria
Minerals Content of Guava
- minerals are essential nutrients required for nerves relaxation
- they are also important in maintaining the physiological functions of the brain
- some of them help connect the brain and spinal cord and thereby helping proper communication between the brain and spinal cord
- some of them like calcium are essential for the development of bone marrow
- some of them are required in a sodium-potassium way
Vitamins Content of Guava
|Vitamin A (IU)||Beta-carotene||IU||624|
|Vitamin B5||Panthenoic acid||mg||0.451|
|Vitamin C||Ascorbic acid||mg||228.3|
|Vitamin E||Alpha tocopherol||mg||0.73|
|Total folate||folic acid||microgram||0.49|
- Vitamin C is an important vitamin that helps manage some heart diseases
- Vitamin A is required for proper eye functioning
- Vitamin is an important vitamin that helps protect some skin diseases
- vitamins are important in the development of bone marrow
- they are important for the control of hormonal imbalance
- they help boost immunity in the body
- they are important during pregnancy such as regulation of blood flow by folate
- they are essential for the control of nerves shock
Fatty Acids Content of Guava
|Saturated fatty acids||g||0.272|
|Total monosaturated fatty acids||g||0.087|
|Total polyunsaturated fatty acids||g||0.401|
|Total trans fatty acids||mg||0|
- fatty acids provide energy to the body muscles
- fatty acids are cell membrane building blocks
- they can be utilized as a source of glucose
- they are the source of LDL and HDL
Amino Acids Content of Guava
- the amino acid, phenylalanine is a precursor for the synthesis of many neurotransmitters such as tyrosine, dopamine, and epinephrine
- phenylalanine is also an important amino acid that plays an essential role in the structure and function of proteins and enzymes
- valine helps stimulate muscles regeneration and growth
- valine also plays a major role in the production of energy
- threonine is required for the formation of collagen and elastin
- methionine is also required for the absorption of essential minerals and tissues regeneration
- tryptophan is required for the control of nitrogen balance in the body and in the synthesis of serotonin
- histidine is required for the synthesis of histamines and regulation of myelin sheath
- leucine helps correct defect in the body muscles and also plays a major role in protein synthesis
- isoleucine helps regulate body metabolism, immune system, and in the synthesis of hemoglobin
- lysine aids in calcium absorption and also helps in protein, enzymes, and hormones production
Other Important Nutrition Facts of Guava
- the choline is a precursor for the synthesis of acetylcholine
- carotene is an important compound, which is converted into vitamin A in the animal system and is used for various health benefits in the body
- lycopene prevents skin from the effects of the sun radiations
This is a comprehensive list of all the nutritional content of guava so far analyzed using raw common guava.
We have presented the information in different tables to ease understanding and assimilation.
We hope you have enjoyed the information we provided on the nutrition facts of guava. Let us hear what you feel about this guide in the comment section below.
Ali, Dina O. M. et al. “Physicochemical and Nutritional Value of Red and White Guava Cultivars Grown in Sudan.” (2014).
” guava” retrieve on 23/05/2020
“Guava, common, Raw” retrieve on 23/05/2020
Akanda, Md. Khokon & Mehjabin, Sanzia & Uzzaman, Shakib & Parvez, Masud. (2018). A short review on a Nutritional Fruit: Guava. Toxicology Research. 1. 1-8.
Verma AK, Rajkumar V, Banerjee R, Biswas S, Das AK. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) The powder as an Antioxidant Dietary Fibre in Sheep Meat Nuggets. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2013;26(6):886‐895.
“Nutritional composition and volatile compounds in guava” retrieved on 23/05/2020